Design and implementation of a concept for optimizing traffic systems using location-based car information (digital pheromones).


Motivation 

Social insects perform complex, self-organizing tasks within a collective by using pheromone-based indirect communication (swarm intelligence). Inspired by these potentials of nature, this concept is possibly also a paradigm for controlling traffic, for collectively recog­nizing, disintegrating and avoiding traffic congestion without central control instances. Vehicles equipped with location and communication technology act like individual insects and virtually deposit digital pheromones on the road indicating the intense of traffic and enabling other vehicles to indirectly benefit from the trail.

Goals

This research project investigates a technical implementation of swarm intelligence applied to the traffic system and evaluates different evasion strategies for vehicles. Using a micro-simulation environment capable of simulating real city networks, various traffic experiments should empirically prove the hypothesis of a self-organizing effect concer­ning the traffic flow in pheromone-based systems.

Results

Taking nature as an inspiration for solving complex tasks, the ant-based pheromone principle has provided the solution pattern for investigating an alternative, decentralized approach for traffic control with self-organizing capabilities. The use of a micro-simulator has proved the validity of the concept to be applied in traffic networks with ameliorations up to 30%, which indirectly implicates a positive impact in respect to fuel consumption, air pollution and economic issues.

 

Partners: 

Contact: Wolfgang Narzt

Publications

W. Narzt, U. Wilflingseder, G. Pomberger, D. Kolb, H. Hörtner: Self-Organizing Congestion Evasion Strategies using Ant-Based Pheromones, ITS World Congress Journal Special Issue in IET Intelligent Transport Systems, ISSN (Print) 1751-956X, Published by Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), Vol. 4, No. 1, Pages: 93 - 102, 2010, doi:10.1049/iet-its.2009.0022
Journal Article
W. Narzt, U. Wilflingseder, G. Pomberger, D. Kolb, H. Hörtner: Self-Organizing Traffic Control For Congestion Avoidance And Traffic Flow Improvement, Proceedings of the 15th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), New York, USA, November 2008, Ertico: id=6224.
Conference Article
W. Narzt, G. Pomberger, D. Kolb, J. Wieghardt, H. Hörtner, R. Haring, U. Wilflingseder, O. Seimel: Self-Organization in Traffic Networks by Digital Pheromones, 10th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transport Systems, Seattle, Washington, USA, September 30-October 3, 2007, doi:10.1109/ITSC.2007.4357705.
Conference Article